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4 Texts On Socrates Apology Essay

Socrates: The Wise Man in Apology by Plato

713 WordsFeb 1st, 20183 Pages

These charges are, “Socrates is a criminal and meddles in matters where he has no business. He’s always poking under the earth and up in the sky. He makes the worse case look better; and he teaches this sort of stuff to others” (Plato 1). In response to this, Socrates gives his defense, which is not used for defending himself, but for saving the Athenians. Socrates does not care if he survives or not; he just wants to share his story with the Athenians. He uses many ways to convey his point. When Socrates is given the death sentence, he is not afraid. He does not care if the Athenians kill him or not. “But I didn’t think then that because I was in danger I ought to do anything unworthy of a free person; nor do I now regret defending myself the way I did. I would much rather die for that sort of defense than to live after giving the other sort” (Plato 8). Socrates would rather die than prevaricate to get himself out of his predicament. He says that he does not regret defending himself. He had no qualm about dying for his cause. He puts emphasis on “nor do I now regret defending myself”. Socrates has no regrets, and he wants the Athenians to know that. Socrates later says, “But now it’s time to leave, time for me to die and for you to live” (Plato 11). Socrates does not seem bothered or anxious. His tone does not indicate any stress, revealing that he is okay with his fate. He says “now it’s…

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The Apology of Socrates: Guilty or Innocent? Essay

928 Words4 Pages

The Apology of Socrates: Guilty or Innocent?

In any case of law, when considering truth and justice, one must first look at the validity of the court and the system itself. In Socrates' case, the situation is no different. One may be said to be guilty or innocent of any crime, but guilt or innocence is only as valid as the court it is subjected to. Therefore, in considering whether Socrates is guilty or not, it must be kept in mind the norms and standards of Athens at that time, and the validity of his accusers and the crimes he allegedly committed. Is Socrates guilty or innocent of his accusations?

What exactly is Socrates being accused of? "Socrates is guilty of engaging in inquiries into things beneath the…show more content…

Socrates says,

"...and this is what will cause my condemnation if I am condemned; not Meletus of Antyus either, but that prejudice and resentment of the multitude which have been the destruction of many good men before me, and I think will be so again. There is no prospect that I shall be the last victim" (34).

Socrates implies that the true nature of this charge was, in fact, vengeance carried out on the part of the power-holders of the Athenian society; the politicians, the poets, the manual artisans. Socrates, unwillingly made fools out of these people by exposing their speeches as mere rhetoric than actual wisdom and knowledge. These men who were seen as the wisest and the most enlightened, but in fact, by believing that they are most knowledgeble is what keeps them from real wisdom. Socrates is also being charged with attacking the Athenian society by corrupting its citizens, mainly the youth. He defends himself by claiming that either Meletus beleives that Socrates does not corrupt the youth or he does corrupt them but involuntarily. Socrates bring to light that "if I corrupt them voluntarily, the law does not call upon you to procecute me for an error which is involuntary, but to take me aside privately and reprove and educate me" (33). Socrates goes on further to say

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