Free Essay About Environmental Pollution
1117 words essay on Environmental Pollution (Free to read). To pollute, literally, means to defile or make dirty. The addition of undesirable or unclean elements to the environment causes an imbalance and leads to pollution.
This imbalance has not only led to deterioration in the quality of our lives but has also threatened the very survival of all life. If this imbalance grows beyond a certain limit, it may prove fatal. The ever and rapidly increasing pollution is a matter of global concern, because it is not confined to a particular country, region or land. It is a threat to the whole world and must be fought united.
The problem of pollution is all the more acute in our overcrowded towns and cities. The ever-growing consumerism has further worsened the problem. The biosphere and ecosystem of cities and towns is fast losing its self-sustaining power. The rapid industrialisation of the cities has made them almost unfit for living. They are full of smoke, noxious fumes, dirt, dust, rubbish, corrosive gases, foul smell and deafening noise. The burning of various fuels in the factories and mills releases of a great amount of sculpture-dioxide in the air cause serious pollution. For example, in Delhi, a large part of the population suffers from respiratory and related disorders. In other metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, the situation is no better. The thousands of vehicles spewing smoke and producing unbearable noise in Delhi have aggravated the situation manifold. Delhi is symptomatic of the growing urban pollution and chaos in the country. The same fate awaits other cities of the country.
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Since most of our cities are on the banks of the rivers or the coast, our rivers and seas too have turned murky and polluted and fishes and other creatures living in them are found rotting on the shores. The atmosphere in the cities is saturated with such pollutants as carbon monoxide, oxides of sculpture and nitrogen, hydrocarbons, pesticides, fly-ash, soot and sometimes, radioactive substances. The air is also choked with foul smells and toxic fumes. These have found their way into our foodstuffs. The toxic chemicals, industrial wastes and effluents discharged into rivers and seas from the mills and factories have proved fatal to marine life. Heaps of garbage, rising in ugly mounds in the cities, tells a story of our blind, foolish and lopsided urban growth and development. Our villages, too, are not free from this ecological degradation. They have lost much of their forests and pastures. This depletion of natural resources and imbalance in ecology will make our cities collapse under their own weight of contradictions.
Obviously, pollution has crossed all the tolerable limits and if no effective remedial measures are taken soon, the results may prove catastrophic. Vehicles belching smoke should not be allowed to run on the roads of the city. Eco-unfriendly vehicles should be strictly banned and there should be frequent pollution checks, and those found guilty of violating the rules should be adequately fined and punished. They must be forced to follow some absolute minimum standard of emission.
Noise is one of the great pollutants. The general noise level in the cities is rising alarmingly, causing many mental and physical diseases. Noise from the factories vehicles, trains, public address systems, TV Sets, aircrafts, and sirens, etc. is really too much. It has been proved that noise beyond a safe limit causes various kinds of disorders, both mental and nervous. Concentration is difficult in a noisy place, if not impossible. To perform anything creative and fruitful, concentration is a pre-condition. Noise also adversely affects our rest and sleep and thereby gives rise to many problems related to psychosocial behaviour. Frequent loud noise may cause decreased flow of blood in the small vessels, dilation of pupils, tension of muscles, digestive upsets, nervousness, anxiety and irritation. It lowers the working efficiency. The most glaring effect of noise is in the form of gradual loss of sense of hearing. There are noise-controllers but they are not of much help because of the lack of public awareness. We can reduce the menace to some extent by planting more and more trees.
The presence of pollutants in the sources of water, like rivers, lakes, ponds, and seas, is another great health hazard. Water reservoirs are full of pollutants, which include toxic chemicals, industrial effluents, suspended solids, organic and inorganic substances, and bacteria, etc. The sewerage has seriously damaged the health of our water resources. The discharges contain a variety of poisonous effluents, which cause the outbreak and spread of water-borne diseases and epidemics. The detergents, fertilizers, pesticides, oil spills are other major pollutants of water. Waste from slaughter houses, dairy and poultry farms, breweries, tanneries, paper and sugar mills have caused havoc.
In order to check water pollution, the sewerage and factory effluents and waste should be properly treated and cleaned before being discharged into streams, rivers and seas. Chemical industries should not be allowed to be located on the banks of the rivers and the coasts. There should be strict rules in regard to the observation of pollution rules and regulations, and the guilty should be severely punished. Gradually, people are becoming more and more aware of the growing problem of pollution. It is reflected in the first Act passed by the Indian Government in 1974, to have control over water pollution. Then in 1980 another Act was passed to prevent air pollution. And, finally, the Department of Environment was created as an independent agency in November 1980, to look after the environmental needs. But the measures, so far, to check environmental pollution have been more or less symbolic and half-hearted.
More than 70% of all the water available in our country is polluted. Like water and air, our soil is also getting polluted. It is estimated that over 35% of our total land area suffers from environmental degradation. Deforestation and excessive use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides are the main factors of this degradation of our land. Overgrazing has further worsened the problem. A number of solid wastes, such as garbage, trash, ash, sludge, plastic material, useless bottles, and cans, etc., dumped here and there make the atmosphere dirty and polluted.
In order to fight this menace, vigorous efforts should be made and anti-pollution laws should be strictly practiced. More needs to be done through mass media in order to seek people’s participation in the movement. Pollution holds out a great threat and danger to us and to the generations to come. Therefore, it should be fought tooth and nail. The use of solar and wind energy should be encouraged because it is clean and pollution-free. The awareness against the scourge seems to be growing but it needs to be matched with nationwide pollution control measures.
“The architect of the cosmos is not a common man but He is supernatural, super-heroic and un-earthly”
The above dialogue light-footedly tells us that the maker of the entire universe is The Fabricator and we all are mere janitors of it. But do we truly live up to this…? In today’s world of crime, animosity, hatred, destruction, etc., do we really follow this….??? It’s a thought to ponder upon.
Industrialization took birth around the 18th century. This is when man became self-absorbed and started the exploitation of the nature. The need for the sustenance of the biotic world marred the abiotic world. Industrialization gave nativity to urbanization and this in turn forced people from villages to move towards the cities in search of livelihood. All this led to ecological imbalance and thus resulted in environmental pollution.
Environmental pollution is categorized into three viz. air, water and land. The emission from industries and manufacturing activities, burning of fossil fuels, household and farming chemicals, etc. are the root causes of air pollution. Common air pollutants are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, so on and so forth. Government should invest in wind energy and solar energy, as well as other renewable energy, to minimize burning of fossil fuels, which cause heavy air pollution. We should encourage our family to use the bus, train or bike when commuting. If we all do this, there will be fewer cars on road and less fumes. Recycle and re-use things. This will minimize the dependence of producing new things. Remember manufacturing industries create a lot of pollution, so if we can re-use things like shopping plastic bags, clothing, paper and bottles, it can help. Wise usage of energy will cut down the amount of pollution we create.
We call water a life giving source. But do we ever think of it when we pollute it…? Industrial waste containing asbestos, phosphates, nitrates, sulphur, etc., sewage and waste water, oils, ocean and marine dumping, underground storage and tube leakage are the primary agents of water pollution. The control of water pollution requires each individual’s participation and involvement. We should not litter the beaches, pools, riversides with garbage. We should use environmentally safe cleaning liquids for the use at home and other public places. They are less dangerous to the environment. Water should be used wisely and one should never keep the tap running. Proper treatment of chemicals and medicines should be ensured before letting them into the lakes and rivers. Over-use of pesticides and fertilizers should be stopped. In many developed cities, waste or sewage treatment is very efficient, and designed to minimize pollution of water bodies.
We Indians treat soil as our mother but not when it comes to preserving it. The mainspring for land pollution is oil refineries, deforestation, garbage and waste, mining sources and agricultural sources. In order to subdue land pollution, people should be educated and made aware about the harmful effects of littering. We should discuss with friends and family and talk about it. Buying of biodegradable products is quintessential. We should switch to organic foods that are grown without pesticides. Personal litter should be disposed properly. We can separate household waste at home for recycling. The best way to curb land pollution is following simple three R’s, they are Reduce waste, Re-use things and Recycle things.
Under the pollution control approach, attempts to protect the environment have especially relied on isolating contaminants from the environment and using end-of-pipe filters and scrubbers. These solutions have tended to focus on media-specific environmental quality objectives or emission limits, and have been primarily directed at point source discharges into specific environmental media (air, water, soil). As environmental pollution control technologies have become more sophisticated and more expensive, there has been a growing interest in ways to incorporate prevention in the design of industrial processes – with the objective of eliminating harmful environmental effects while promoting the competitiveness of industries. Among the benefits of pollution prevention approaches, clean technologies and toxic use reduction is the potential for eliminating worker exposure to health risks.
Earth will regain its beauty, but only if we human perform our duty. “Treat the earth well. It was not given to you by your parents. It was loaned to you by your children”. This Kenyan proverb marks the pungent need of the hour i.e. eco-friendly lifestyle. It is high time that we stop the blame game and take initiative and responsibility to conserve and preserve our nature. We all want to extend our generation, then why not gift them an environment that is safe, healthy and free of pollution. Let our future generation see the exploding palms, clear skies, elegant waves, etc. In short let them enjoy the mesmerizing beauty, the elegance of nature and live in a safe, healthy and uncontaminated environment.
Vivian D’Souza is 25 years old and an ardent writer and an avaricious reader. He works in the hospitality industry and have rendered three years of service with hotel Sahara Star as a food and beverage team leader. The topic of environment lures him a lot. He can be reached at email@example.com
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