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Trichosanthes Anguina Descriptive Essay

try-kos-ANTH-us -- from the Greek trichos (hairy) and anthos (flowers)
koo-KOO-may-ree-nuh -- related to cucumber - from the Greek kykyon ... Dave's Botanary

the wild variety cucumerina, commonly known as: wild snake gourd • Hindi: जंगली चिचोण्डा jangli chichonda, कड़वा परवर kadva parvar, pudel • Marathi: जंगली पडवल jungli padwal, कडू पडवळ kadu padwal, पडोळ padol • Sanskrit: पटोल patola • Tamil: காட்டுப்பேய்ப்புடல் kattuppeypputal • Telugu: అడవిపొట్ల adavipotla

the cultivated variety anguina, commonly known as: long tomato, serpent cucumber, snake gourd, snake tomato, viper gourd • Bengali: চিচিঙা chichinga, চিচিঙে chichinge • Gujarati: પંડોળું pandolu • Hindi: चिचिण्डा chichinda • Kannada: ಪಡವಲ ಕಾಯಿ paduvalakaayi • Konkani: पोड्डाळे poddale • Malayalam: ജ്യോത്സ്നി jyoothsni, പടവലങ്ങ patavalanga, തിക്തകം thikthakam • Marathi: कडूपडवळ kadupadval, पडवल or पडवळ padwal, पडोळ padol • Oriya: chachindra • Punjabi: ਗਾਲਰ ਤੌਰੀ galar tori, ਪੰਡੋਲ or ਪੰਦੋਲ pandol • Sanskrit: चिचिण्डकः chichindakah • Tamil: புடல் putal • Telugu: పొట్లకాయ potlakaaya • Urdu: چچنڐا cicinda

Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Malesia, n Australia

A climbing or spreading, scabrous, stout, annual herb. Leaves kidney-shaped, on about 2 cm long petiole, 5-10 cm in diameter, 3-7-lobed, lobes obtuse or acute, base notched, hairy on both surfaces. Flowers monosexual, white with fimbriate petals. Male flowers in axillary racemes, on paired peduncles. Sepals short, triangular. Petals white, lanceolate-oblong. Female flowers shortly-stalked, solitary, axillary. Fruits ovoid-fusiform, pointed, red when ripe with white streaks. Seeds embedded in a reddish pulp, compressed.


Scientific Name: Trichosanthes cucumerina
Common Name(Eng): Common Fringed-flower Vine
(Beng): Banpatol
(Hindi); Ban-chachinda
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Flowering: July-October
Location: Murguma,Purulia
Date: August, 2008
Common on hedges, trees and shrubs, this annual vine has male and female flowers on the same plant.
Leaves vary in shape and size on the same plant.
Wow...such a lovely plant with queer flowers.
A sighting near Ghitorni villageon the outskirts of Delhi, 4th September 2013.
Cucurbitaceae (pumpkin, or gourd family) » Trichosanthes cucumerina
Synonyms: Trichosanthes anguina, Trichosanthes lobata
try-kos-ANTH-us -- from the Greek trichos (hairy) and anthos (flowers)
koo-KOO-may-ree-nuh -- related to cucumber - from the Greek kykyon
the wild variety cucumerina, commonly known as: wild snake gourd • Hindi: जंगली चिचोण्डा jangli chichonda, कड़वा परवर kadva parvar, pudel • Marathi: जंगली पडवल jungli padwal, कडू पडवळ kadu padwal, पडोळ padol • Sanskrit: पटोल patola • Tamil: காட்டுப்பேய்ப்புடல் kattuppeypputal • Telugu: అడవిపొట్ల adavipotla
the cultivated variety anguina, commonly known as: long tomato, serpent cucumber, snake gourd, snake tomato, viper gourd • Bengali: চিচিঙা chichinga, চিচিঙে chichinge • Gujarati: પંડોળું pandolu • Hindi: चिचिण्डा chichinda • Kannada: ಪಡವಲ ಕಾಯಿ paduvalakaayi • Konkani: पोड्डाळे poddale • Malayalam: ജ്യോത്സ്നി jyoothsni, പടവലങ്ങ patavalanga, തിക്തകം thikthakam • Marathi: पडवल or पडवळ padwal, पडोळ padol • Oriya: chachindra • Punjabi: ਗਾਲਰ ਤੌਰੀ galar tori, ਪੰਡੋਲ or ਪੰਦੋਲ pandol • Sanskrit: चिचिण्डकः chichindakah • Tamil: புடல் putal • Telugu: పొట్లకాయ potlakaaya • Urdu: چچنڐا cicinda
Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Malesia, n Australia
Edible use:
... unripe (strikingly long) fruit (as VEGETABLE)
Bot. name: Trichosanthes cucumerina
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Date/Time: 20-08-2011 / 10:50AM
Location: CBD Hills, Navi Mumbai
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Climber.

Awesome!! In full bloom in our area also. people use its fruits as vegetable

The first photo looks like Trichosanthes sps. (Cucurbitaceae).
For second one please provide details of the leaves, flowers etc ( size. shape, position, simple or compound etc.).  The photograph is a close up.  One cannot estimate the size. 

first photo is of Trichosanthes cucumerina and second one look like Trichodesma indicum
try-kos-ANTH-us -- from the Greek trichos (hairy) and anthos (flowers)
koo-KOO-may-ree-nuh -- related to cucumber - from the Greek kykyon ... Dave's Botanary
Sep 19, 2009 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
the wild variety cucumerina, commonly known as: wild snake gourd • Hindi: जंगली चिचोण्डा jangli chichonda, कड़वा परवर kadva parvar, pudel • Marathi: जंगली पडवल jungli padwal, कडू पडवळ kadu padwal, पडोळ padol • Sanskrit: पटोल patola • Tamil: காட்டுப்பேய்ப்புடல் kattuppeypputal • Telugu: అడవిపొట్ల adavipotla
the cultivated variety anguina, commonly known as: long tomato, serpent cucumber, snake gourd, snake tomato, viper gourd • Bengali: চিচিঙা chichinga, চিচিঙে chichinge • Gujarati: પંડોળું pandolu • Hindi: चिचिण्डा chichinda • Kannada: ಪಡವಲ ಕಾಯಿ paduvalakaayi • Konkani: पोड्डाळे poddale • Malayalam: ജ്യോത്സ്നി jyoothsni, പടവലങ്ങ patavalanga, തിക്തകം thikthakam • Marathi: कडूपडवळ kadupadval, पडवल or पडवळ padwal, पडोळ padol • Oriya: chachindra • Punjabi: ਗਾਲਰ ਤੌਰੀ galar tori, ਪੰਡੋਲ or ਪੰਦੋਲ pandol • Sanskrit: चिचिण्डकः chichindakah • Tamil: புடல் putal • Telugu: పొట్లకాయ potlakaaya • Urdu: چچنڐا cicinda
Native of: s China, Indian subcontinent, Malesia, n Australia
References: Flowers of India • Wikipedia • M.M.P.N.D. • DDSA • Further Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Sep 19, 2009 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
Vern.: Rambel, Jangli Chichinda.
A climbing or spreading, scabrous, stout, annual herb. Leaves kidney-shaped, on about 2 cm long petiole, 5-10 cm in diameter, 3-7-lobed, lobes obtuse or acute, base notched, hairy on both surfaces. Flowers monosexual, white with fimbriate petals. Male flowers in axillary racemes, on paired peduncles. Sepals short, triangular. Petals white, lanceolate-oblong. Female flowers shortly-stalked, solitary, axillary. Fruits ovoid-fusiform, pointed, red when ripe with white streaks. Seeds embedded in a reddish pulp, compressed.
Shot from vicinity of Panipat at different times.
Climbing herb with lobed leaves, male flowers in racemes, fruit ovoid 5-7 cm long.
Photographed from near Nagrota in J & K.
Trichosanthes sp. from Hooghly 16/8/12 SK1:
I thought it was also a snake gourd growing in the wild, the pictures are so similar as in my earlier post at - efi thread. But, a local resident told me that it is not a snake gourd.
Could this be Trichosanthes cucumerina L. as in - efi thread?
Habit & Habitat : wild climber
Date : 16/8/12, 8.16 A.M.
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly)
Yes it is Trichosanthes cucumerina L.
Found fruits of this climber, today, at the same place.

VoF Week: Trichosanthes cucumerina from Way to Joshimath just after Rishikesh:Trichosanthes cucumerinafrom Way to Joshimath just after Rishikesh
For such a beautiful flower produces a not so liked vegetable
mother nature is weird
Great pictures though ... reminded me of the white peacocks ...sort of...

IDENTIFICATION OF WHITE STAR-LIKE FLOWER: Could your group of experts please help identify and describe this white star-like wild flower photographed near the river ghaghar outside chandigarh.
I am writing about these flowers in the newspaper and would require the group's expertise.
Its Trichosanthes cucumerina var. anguina... commonly know as snake gourd... 
Thanks, ... Is it called the `tori' or the `ghiya' in Hindi? Or is it something else? Does the flower bloom only during the night?
It's not ghea or tori....its called chichida in northern India.......yes it's probably blooming in night only since mostly white flower bloom in night as per pollination concept .....
Could the group pl help me understand the pollination process of the flower of the snake gourd and why it blossoms at night?
My thanks to the group and to ... for id the flower of the chichinda. It was published in my Sunday column, wildbuzz, in the Hindustan Times, Chandigarh. I am attaching the scan and the text for ready reference.
Stars in a Dhakoli night
* The humdrum snake gourd known as `chichinda' in the local vegetable market is, unbelievably, the offspring of flowers unrivalled in loveliness. Star-like, milky-white, frilly and mystically blossoming mostly at night. Photographer ... stumbled upon these growing wild one early morning while pursuing a female Great eggfly butterfly. The fluttering angel eluded him, floating from one flower to another at a green belt near the river Ghaghar in Dhakoli, Zirakpur, finally leading him to exotic flowers. ... couldn't identify the flowers but struck by the sheer originality of these blossoms, he soon forgot the butterfly. Identified later by ... of the renowned group of botanists, efloraofindia, `chichinda' flowers are pollinated by insects and spring lace-like from buds before emerging as stars. The `chichinda' vegetable has applications in native medicines.
Attached images are Trichosanthes cucumerina L.(syn.Trichosanthes brevibracteata Kundu) collected from Kamrup district, Assam.
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Genus & species : Trichosanthes cucumerina L.(syn.Trichosanthes brevibracteata Kundu)
Habitat: Grows wild on wall of the building
Fruits : Large, green and orange when ripen
Bhimbetka Rock Sheltersin Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary... about 1850 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 20 SEP 13 at 02:20 PM... Altitude: about 1922 ft asl
¿Cucumis ?... (family: Cucurbitaceae)
Dear friends, the cucurbits confuse me. Here the photos too do not provide much clue to all aspects. Would be glad to know ID to genus level.  
Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, a world heritage site, is famous for its rock paintings. The place is known to be one of the most primitive dwellings of human race. All of the rock shelters are located within the territory of Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary.

Unless there is some mix up the fruits suggest Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina
Many many thanks ...; I am convinced with Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina. Yes, there is a mix of plants.
I take this opportunity of recent uploads of various cucurbits. I have an earlier post though. These photographs were recorded a little while ago as I noted the bulging areas (something to do with meristem?) at the tip of this climber.
Commonly known as the Snake Gourd, these were shorter than the long ones we usually find in the market.
On searching, could be Snake Gourd - India Short?
Again seen in Bangalore during Nov,2013.
I think yes, Banpatol, very rarely eaten as vegetable, but commonly used in medicine. May look similar to parval (T. dioica) but more strongly pointed at one end and white lines often prominent at pointed end.
Thanks for validation and the Common name
Here I attached images of Trichosanthes cucumerina collected wild from Assam used as vegetable. Attachments(7).
Yes typical fruits.
KD 's vine and fruits ... excellent
My question... his pic's of fruits look different ( in markings on one end) from AK's pictures above...
are they the same?
You may be right, Markings are prominent at one end in T. cucumerina var. cucumerina. May be ... fruits are T. dioica (Parval). Here are my photographs of two one from Jim Corbett and one from Delhi markets.
Very nice pictures from Assam.
The difference being that they were not as long.
Fruit length was 8 to 10 inches.
And they were sold as a vegetable, not for medicinal purpose.
They are definitely not Parwal.
Here, it is described as Snake Gourd -India Short. Or

Hooghly-sept-sk03 : Trichosanthes cucumerina L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments(6).
I take this opportunity of recent uploads of various cucurbits. I have an earlier post though. These photographs were recorded a little while ago as I noted the bulging areas (something to do with meristem?) at the tip of this climber
Very good and illustrative photographs
My pictures are of Snake Gourd only, what is known as Chachinda in Hindi.

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